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Abstract Architecture

Freight Forwarding

Also known as a non-vessel operating common carrier, a freight forwarder arranges the movement and distribution of merchandise on behalf of persons and companies, from the factory to the final consignee. Freight forwarders play a vital role in the supply chain process. They submit the necessary proof of financial responsibility and maintain a license with the United States Federal Maritime Commission.

Freight Forwarders contract with a carrier or often multiple carriers to move the goods. They do not move the goods but acts as an expert in the logistics network. These carriers can use a variety of shipping modes, including ships, airplanes, trucks, and railroads, and often do utilize multiple modes for a single shipment. For example, the freight forwarder may arrange to have cargo moved from a plant to an airport by trucks, fly to the destination city, then moved from the airport to a customer's building by another truck. This is often referred to as multi-modal transportation. Freight Forwarders handle international shipments and have additional expertise in preparing and processing customs documents and perform other activities pertaining to international shipments.

Forwarders typically review information involving commercial invoice, shipper's export declaration, bill of lading and other documents required by the carrier or country of export, import, and/or transshipment. Much of this information is now processed in a paperless environment. The FIATA shorthand describes Freight Forwarders as the "Architect of Transport," illustrating the commercial position of the forwarder relative to its client. Jupiter SCM maintains a database of freight forwarders with varying levels of expertise.

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Image by Ricardo Gomez Angel

Warehousing

Warehouses have evolved over the years from a place of storage of goods to sophisticated facilities with cranes, loading docks, forklift, and pallet racks. Today we have specialized warehouses for manufacturing, cold storage. We also have warehouses with access to rail ramps. Global e-commerce companies are setting up sophisticated warehouses aided by automation and robotics. Jupiter Supply Chain is building a worldwide database of logistics warehouse to enable our uses to access warehouses facilities anywhere in the world.

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Image by Julien Moreau

Custom Brokerage

A customs broker could be a person or company sanctioned by a government to assist importers and exporters with their customs clearance. Customs brokers also guide importers and exporters on regulations governing the entry and export of goods into a customs territory.

In the United States, Customs brokers must pass the Customs Broker Examination, deem to be of good moral character, and meet U.S. Treasury credit worthiness standards before they can be granted a U.S. Customs Brokers License. Each country has its rules governing customs clearance, but the role of a customs broker is similar in every country that is to facilitate the processing of documents to get goods in and out of customs control into the general commerce. Jupiter SCM maintains a worldwide database of customs brokers with varying degree of expertise.

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Trucking

Jupiter Supply Chain Managements or Jupiter SCM maintains a database of truckers spanning six continents. Trucking is a vital chain in the in the Supply Chain process as goods need to move from buyers to sellers and vice versa.

With the exponential growth of E-commerce, the importance of truckers cannot be overemphasized as the service of choice for last-mile delivery. Jupiter’s extensive database of trucking companies provide a valuable resource for supply chain stakeholders to contact service providers and arrange for the transportation of their goods.

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